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St. Nicholas Abbey
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Barbados
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1658: Berringer builds Jacobean Great House; 1661 Yeamans arranges his murder

1650: John Yeamans joins Barbados Council

1775: Alleyne introduces rum distillation as a mean of economic stability

1669: Yeamans sails to Carolina, USA, where he serves as Governor; dies 1674

1627: Col. Benjamin Berringer arrives in Barbados

Susannah (Berringer) Nicholas and her husband George inherit the Plantation

1746: Dottin gifts Plantation to daughter Christian upon marriage to Sir John Gay Alleyne

1763: Alleyne plants Mahogany Trees lining Cherry Tree Hill (in honour of Treaty of Paris)

1801: Alleyne's death; ownership of Plantation reverts to Dottin Family

1810: Cumberbatch Brothers purchase Plantation from Chancery Court for £20,500

1834: Plantation inherited by Sarah (née Cumberbatch) and her husband, Charles Cave

1964: Lt. Col. Stephen Cave inherits Plantation

1978: Lt. Col. Cave moves to Plantation as first full-time resident since 1800s; opens as attraction

1935: Plantation inherited by Charles J.P. Cave; who made the home movie on a visit that same year

1947: Plantation inherited by Lawrence C. H. Cave; sugar and syrup production halted

2003: Plantation inherited by James Petri; 2006: Plantation purchased by Warren Family

2009: St. Nicholas Abbey Rum commemorative casks

1887: Plantation inherited by Charles and Sarah's son, Lawrence Trent Cave

1720: Windmill installed; 1725 Joseph Dottin buys Plantation

1890: Steam engine installed (made by Fletchers of Derby in England)

1746: Georgian-style triple arcaded portico and sash windows added; Chippendale staircase

1910: Solid Mahogany door felled on Plantation and installed

1780: English Sheraton sideboard

1759: grandfather clock, built by James Thwaite of London, installed on staircase

1810: Coalport China

1850: Dining table and chairs, made locally from Barbadian Mahogany

1830: Mahogany Judge's Chair features the Coat of Arms of William IV

1895: 19th century glassware, a Cave wedding gift from Duchess of Buccleuch; 1898: Cedar paneling

1825: Barrallier Map of Barbados, the first to refer to the property as St. Nicholas Abbey

1935: Indoor Plumbing; 1936: Gentleman's Chair

1625: Barbados comes under British control

1639: First Parliament Meeting

1663: Barbados becomes possession of the English Crown

1816: Slave Revolt

1834: Slavery Abolished

1876: British propose confederation of Barbados & Windward Islands; bloody revolts

1937: Barbados Labour Party founded by Grantley Adams

1954: Ministerial government set up with Grantley Adams as premier

1966: Independence: Errol Barrow as PM

1733: UK Molasses Act imposes heavy duties on molasses, rum & sugar from non-British islands

1764: The Sugar Act increases duties on sugar and rum shipped to the American colonies

1834: Slavery abolished in British Empire

1871: Trade Unions legalised in Britain

1875: Charles Stewart Parnell begins movement for Irish independence

1910: British Empire covers 1/5th world land area

1940: Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister

1953: Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

1969: British troops sent to quell unrest in Northern Ireland

1979: Margaret Thatcher becomes prime minister

1993: Declaration on Northern Ireland; peace proposal issued by England & Irish gov't

1997: Referendums in Scotland and Wales back the creation of separate assemblies

1665: The Great Plague, 75,000 killed; 1666: Great Fire of London

1685: James, Duke of York, crowned King James II

1694: Bank of England established

1707: England, Wales and Scotland united as Great Britain

1721: Robert Walpole, becomes first Prime Minister of Great Britain

1801: Act of Union places Ireland under British Parliament control

1805: British defeat Napoleon at Battle of Trafalgar

1845: Potato Famine

1921/2: Ireland independent; UK is now United Kingdom of Great Britain and North Ireland

1660: Restoration of English Monarchy after Puritan rule

1640: English Civil War (1640-1659)

1760: The Industrial Revolution in England begins (1760 - 1851)

1603-1625: Rule of King James I (for whom Jacobean Architecture is named)

1771: Britain's first cotton mill opens; 1772: Slavery is effectively outlawed

1787: Constitution signed; 1789: Washington elected first president; 1791 Bill of Rights ratified

1838: Cherokee 'Trail of Tears'

1775-83: The American Revolution; 1776 Declaration of Independence

1804: Lewis and Clark expedition encounters Native Americans

1863: Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves

1879: Women lawyers permitted to argue cases before Supreme Court

1902: President Roosevelt Begins Conservation of Forests

1920: Women Gain the Right to Vote

1955: Rosa Parks keeps her seat on the bus; Supreme Court Orders School De-segregation

1960-1965: Civil Rights Movement; 1963: JFK Assassinated; 1964: Civil Rights Act is passed

2001: 9/11 Terrorist Attack

1607: First Permanent Settlement at Jamestown, VA

1814: The 'Star Spangled Banner' Becomes the Official National Anthem

1850: Fugitive Slave Act; 1854: Republican Party formed for abolition of slavery

1619: First African slaves brought to Jamestown; 1620: Pilgrims arrive on the Mayflower

1692: Salem Witchcraft Trials

1636: Harvard College, the first American college, is established

1980: Reagan elected president

1650: Slavery made legal; 1652: Rhode Island passes the first law in America which prohibits slavery

1752: The Liberty Bell ordered from England to celebrate Pennsylvania's 50th anniversary

1886: Statue of Liberty dedicated

1765: Riots over 'stamp taxes' imposed by British Crown

1712: The Carolina colony is officially divided into North Carolina and South Carolina

1663: King Charles II establishes the Carolina colony and grants it to 8 loyalists (incl. Yeamans)

1731: The first American public library is founded in Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin

1941: Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbour; US declares war on Japan; Hitler declares war on US

1840: Upper and Lower Canada United

1867: Dominion of Canada Formed

1583: Newfoundland becomes England's 1st overseas colony

1627: Company of New France established to govern North American colonies

1670: Hudson's Bay Company established by London traders

1774: Quebec Act recognises French language and Roman Catholicism

1791: Quebec divided into Lower Canada (now Quebec) and Upper Canada (now Ontario)

1763: Under the Treaty of Paris, Britain acquires Quebec

1821: Hudson's Bay Company and North West Company merge

1885: Canadian Pacific railroad is completed

1898: Gold Rush in the Yukon

1947: Canada given equal status with Great Britain in the Commonwealth

1965: Present Canadian flag adopted; 1970: Martial Law after Quebec Separatists attacks

1980: A referendum on the separation of Quebec is defeated

1989: Canada and the US establish free trade

1609: French colony of Quebec established

1908: Robert Stanley Weir wrote the English lyrics for 'O Canada'

1642: The trade settlement at Montreal is founded by the Sieur de Maisonneuve

1660: As punishment for tribes''angry behaviour', gov't sells Indian children into Caribbean slavery

1696: European fur market collapses leading to an increase in settlers wanting land for farming

1710: The English recapture Acadia, this time permanently, and rename it Nova Scotia

1734: Trying to escape, a Montreal slave sets a fire; causing damage to half of the city

1752: Canada's first newspaper, the weekly Halifax Gazette, appears

1816: A steam-boat is first placed on Lake Ontario

1921: Canadian women exercise their right to vote for the first time

1934: The Bank of Canada is formed

1852: The Toronto Stock Exchange opens

2010: Vancouver hosts the Winter Olympics; Canada wins most gold medals as host country

1804: Napoleon Becomes Emperor of France

1914-1919: World War I

1929: US Stock Market Crashes; The Great Depression Begins

1817: Work begins on Erie Canal (1817-1825); 1821: Mexican Independence

1991: End of the Cold War; 1990-1991: Persian Gulf War; 1991: South Africa accepts racial equality

2003-Present: Iraq War

1939-1945: World War II; 1941: Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbour; 1945: US A-bombs Japan

1946: The Cold War Begins

1963-1973: The Vietnam War

1756-63: Seven Years' War; 1762: Catherine II (The Great) becomes czarina of Russia

1611: King James Version of the Bible published in England

1631 - 1653: The Taj Mahal is built in India

1661: Louis XIV begins to build Versailles

1769: Arkwright patents a spinning machine—an early step in the Industrial Revolution

1869: Suez Canal opens

1644: End of Ming Dynasty in China-Manchus come to power

1701: War of the Spanish Succession; known as Queen Anne's War in the Colonies

1740: Capt. Vitus Bering, Dane employed by Russia, discovers Alaska

1713: The Treaty of Utrecht; ends The War of Spanish Succession

1789: French Revolution begins; 1793: French King Louis XVI & Queen Marie Antoinette executed

1808: Beethoven Composes Fifth Symphony

1837: Charles Dickens: Oliver Twist

1848: Marx & Engels' Communist Manifesto; 1852: H. B. Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin

1865: Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace; Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

1876: National League Baseball Founded in US

1954: Television Thrives; Radio Switches to Music

1967: The Beatles Sgt. Pepper Album

1603: William Shakespeare publishes Hamlet; 1605 Cervantes publishes Don Quixote

1928: Amelia Earhart landed in South Wales - first female to fly solo across Atlantic

1670: Dom Pérignon invents Champagne; The first reference to a candy cane is made

1709: Bartolomeo Cristofori invents the piano

1829: Frenchmen, Louis Braille invents braille printing for the blind

2001: Apple releases the iPod

1751: The first Encyclopedia is published

1732: Benjamin Franklin begins publishing Poor Richard's Almanack

1762: Mozart tours Europe as six-year-old prodigy

1783: Ludwig van Beethoven's first printed works

1912: White Star Liner, Titanic, sank off the coast of Newfoundland

1680: The first American tall case clock, later called a grandfather clock

1611: King James Version of the Bible published in England

1644: René Descartes's Principles of Philosophy

1704: Johann Sebastian Bach's first cantata

1893: Beatrix Potter's Peter Rabbit; 1896: First modern Olympics

1784: Ben Franklin invents bifocals

1793: Eli Whitney invents Cotton Gin; revives dying US slave economy

1854: Smith & Wesson Invent Revolver

1859: Charles Darwin Origin of Species

1876: A. G. Bell Patents Telephone

1879: Edison Invents Incandescent Light

1888: Eastman's Kodak camera; 1890: Edison invents motion pictures

1903: Wright Bros. First Airplane

1916: Albert Einstein Proposes General Theory of Relativity

1957: Soviets Launch Sputnik, First Artificial Satellite

1993: Internet Expands with World Wide Web

1834: Charles Babbage invents mechanical calculator

1969: Maiden flight of Concorde took place

1977: Apple introduces 1st successful personal computer

1609: Kepler publishes Laws of Planetary Motion which explained the movement of planets

1664: Isaac Newton's experiments with gravity

1629: Giovanni Branca invents the steam turbine

1643: Evangelista Torricelli invents the barometer

1698: Englishman Thomas Savery invents the steam pump

1712: Thomas Newcomen patents the atmospheric steam engine

1722: French C. Hopffer patents the fire extinguisher

1775: Jacques Perrier invents a steamship

1814: The first photograph is taken with a 'camera obscura'

1921: Artificial life begins - the first robot built

1937: The first jet engine is built

1947: Mobile phones first invented. Although cell phones were not sold commercially until 1983

1675: Christian Huygens patents the pocket watch

1761: Englishmen, John Harrison invents the navigational clock for measuring longitude

 

 

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